Energy for Growth Hub
Memo Feb 07, 2023

2023 Update: Who in Africa is Ready for Nuclear Power?

Future of Energy Tech

Demand for electricity across Africa will grow many times over by 2050. Nuclear power is a potential source of clean power to drive industrialization and grow incomes, especially with new smaller, safer, and more flexible designs expected to come to the market over the next decade. We first wrote in 2021 about which African countries could be at the forefront of adopting this technology, and after two years we already have significant developments. The Energy for Growth Hub and Third Way created an interactive map that projects electricity demand and assesses nuclear readiness.

1. Six countries have made notable progress

2. One country falls out of our rankings

  • While Nigeria operates a research reactor and has signed deals with foreign suppliers such as Russia, the World Bank now categorizes the country as “Conflict-affected” which precludes it from our rankings due to the unpredictability of the future situation.

3. Four more could be ready for nuclear by 2030 (light green) but haven’t made notable progress.

  • Algeria operates a research reactor and plans to commission a plant.
  • Kenya is developing a policy organization and regulatory regime with aims to develop a 1 GW power plant by 2035.
  • Sudan has engaged with the IAEA on an infrastructure review and signed agreements with supplier countries like Russia and China.
  • Tunisia originally hoped to develop nuclear power by 2020 and has remained actively engaged with supplier countries.